Ocular Health

Eyes Play an Important Role

The eyes play an important role in mobility, function, and enjoyment of life. For this reason, it is important to maintain good ocular health. (The term "ocular" refers to the eye and its organ system.) The eye performs the task of capturing light, beginning the process of interpretation and relaying information to and from the brain. All parts of the visual system must work together, two seperate eyes coordinating and connecting with the neurons that transmit and translate messages in the brain into visual images.

Having good ocular health means that the eyes are disease-free, and that vision is at least 20/20 or better with or without correction. 

In adults, Optometrists are particularly looking out for the following diseases:

- Glaucoma – this is where pressure on the optic nerve can cause loss of peripheral vision and even eventual blindness if not adequately treated. Risk factors include a
  family member with glaucoma, being over 40, diabetes, high blood pressure, a history of migraines, or use of steroid medication. Glaucoma is insidious and much
  damage can be done before people realise they have it.

- Macular degeneration – a problem that can develop as you get older. This can also be insidious in its early stages and may eventually cause blindness. Help protect
  yourself against macular degeneration with a healthy diet and good vitamin and mineral intake.

- Cataracts – this is where cloudiness  or haze develops in the lens in the eye which causes vision to deteriorate.

There are simple corrective and preventive measures to maintain good vision and enjoy lifelong ocular health.

Prevent Eye Disease                                Contact Us

Preventative Measures

  • Visit your Optometrist for regular check-ups and for any eye problems you experience

Optometrists are trained specifically to determine and improve visual acuity with the prescription of eyeglasses, contact lenses, and eye exercises.

Find out more on our comprehensive eye examinations.

  • Practice disease prevention

Disease of the eye is the number one cause of blindness. Most diseases that cause blindness, like glaucoma and diabetes, can be treated or their progression slowed down with the proper diagnosis and management. While there is no cure for some eye disorders, there have been major medical advances for age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma and cataracts. By getting regular exams and discussing your family history, you and your Optometrist will be able to anticipate, better prevent, and treat eye disease.

  • Wear the correct prescription lenses, or consider corrective surgery

Not wearing your prescribed eyeglasses or contacts will not cause disease of the eye, but it can cause discomfort by eyestrain, headaches, or possibly even injury brought on by the lack of safe vision. If wearing prescriptive lenses is uncomfortable, ask your Optometrist about alternatives, like switching from eyeglasses to contact lenses or exploring corrective surgery.

  • Protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful rays

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a form of light and is a portion of the invisible part of the spectrum. Sources of this damaging light include sunlight, a welder’s flash, high intensity mercury vapor lamps (used for night sports and high-crime areas), and xenon arc lamps (used in laboratories).

Constant exposure to ultraviolet rays can result in photochemical eye damage. This UV exposure increases pigmentation in the eye, causing a discoloration known as "brown" or "sunshine" cataracts. Eye diseases such as macular degeneration, solar retinitis, and corneal dystrophies have all been linked to UV exposure.

Your eyes may be more photosensitive if they are light in color, if you are taking specific medications, or if you use artificial sweeteners. You can protect your eyes while out in the sun or indoors by wearing glasses or contact lenses treated for UV absorption and by using protective work shields and screen covers that have an ultraviolet absorbing coating.

  • Wear protective gear and eyewear during work and sporting events

Wearing safety glasses and protective goggles while playing sports or working with hazardous and airborne materials lowers your risk for eye injury, damage to vision, and complete loss of sight.

Being actively involved in your eye health and working with your optometrist increases your chances for maintaining good eye health and eyesight.


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